The agricultural industry in Nigeria is plagued with many problems, ranging from terrible infrastructure to illiteracy. Thankfully, technology startups have already started doing the work of improving the plights of local farmers. With the demand for food higher than ever, farmers don’t have time to struggle with plant diseases and crop failures. And to address these challenges, my innovation for sustaining crop protection is the agricultural use of drones (commercial farms, research institutes, investors, and large private farm). The United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that over 50% of planted crops in developing markets die due to inadequate crop supervision and inefficient application of chemicals to kill weeds kill pests and provide nutrients.
As the human population in Nigeria continues to grow, there is a need for farmers to produce more and more food. Increasing agricultural productivity is critical to meeting the food security and economic development objectives in the face of rapid population growth. Currently, the farm sector supports over 80% of the people in Nigeria. The GDP from agriculture in Nigeria increased to 5288339.21 NGN million in the third quarter of 2018 from 3789720.12 NGN Million in the second quarter of 2018 and it is projected to trend around 5834951.00 NGN Million in 2020, according to our econometric models. Given this, there are a lot of potentials in the Nigeria agricultural sector, and if properly funded, achieving food security through crop protection in the face of rapid population increase will not be an unrealistic dream.
Drones enables the farmer to achieve optimum results, increased harvest yields and lower cost of operations, thus reducing the cost of food in the open market, eliminating hunger and poverty. it has increased demand and product has been having immense advantage to the farmers in recent time. it has increased the rate of harvest yield compared to when it wasn’t in use.
The use of drone technology will support Nigeria farmers (and society) in sustainable crop protection. The use of inputs, fertilizers, and pesticides is becoming a common practice among farmers in Nigeria to boost productivity. The associated deleterious effects include hazards to man, non-target organisms and environment. The use of drone technology will provide adequate information about pest prevalence on the farm when pictorial images are captured. The extent of economic damage by pests will be promptly known. This will give precision about pesticides use, when to use and how much to use. This will help to maintain the agro-ecosystem biodiversity, ensuring sustainable production.