For several decades now, the concept of organic farming has been gaining traction in literature and Agricultural summits organized across board. Academics and Professional farmers from different walks of life now show keen interest in the best farming practices that maintain and improve soil fertility, structure and biodiversity, and reduce erosion. Organic farming is a practice of the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals without the use of any synthetic farm inputs such as fertilizer, pesticides and the likes but by the use of traditional inputs such as […]
Several decades ago, what we now know as agriculture of today was not what it is. The traditional form of farming has several loopholes which give little room for efficiency and high rate of production as well as its high laborious state. The traditional farming made use of crude farm tools such as hoe, cutlass, rakes, baskets and animal-drawn equipment which slows work down since animals need to rest once they get tired. It also involve the raising of animals on free range system which exposes animals to adverse weather condition, theft and diseases resulting in weak and unhealthy […]
The opportunities that Agriculture presents to humanity abounds. Some individuals have really made their waves in Agriculture, and their names have been much celebrated in the anal of history. Below is a list of six individuals who have done exceedingly well in the Agricultural sector and have created significant pathways for others to thread. George Washington Carver lived from 1864 to 1943. He was born into slavery in the United States. He was raised by his former master after the demise of his parents. At about age 12 George started school and graduated from high school at the age of […]
With remote robots set to carry out more and more routine tasks and facial-recognition software being applied to salmon, automation is already making waves in aquaculture. But just how far, and how soon, will AI revolutionize the industry?
Nigeria is one of the many developing countries where impacts of climate change are strongly felt as a direct impact on food production and vulnerability of households. Along with other factors, climate change is making food insecurity and poverty worse in the country. Increasing temperatures and shifting rainfall regimes are among factors responsible for lower crop yields than could be obtained under a stable climate [see]. Although high temperature favors attainment of high yield in certain crops, extremely high temperature may be counter-productive if it exceeds the optimum level permissible for proper growth of crops [see]. Climate change has also […]
Insects are members of the largest class of the Arthropoda, the largest phylum of the kingdom animalia. They have segmented bodies, jointed legs, and external skeletons (exoskeletons). They are unique among other arthropods by their tri-partite body structure comprising the head, which bears the mouth parts, eyes, and a pair of antennae; the thorax, which usually has three pairs of legs in adults and one or two pairs of wings; and the many-segmented abdomen, which contains the digestive, excretory, and reproductive organs. In terms of habitat, they may either be terrestrial or aquatic. Insects have diversely high reproductive capacity (fecundity). They display varying behavioral and adaptive […]
Farm management is the collective term for various management strategies and methods that are employed to keep a farm productive and profitable. The process of this type of management is often associated with large commercial farms, although many of the same methods can be used with equal success on a small family-owned farm. Depending on the size of the operation, the management process may require the services of a single farm-manager or a group of managers who oversee various aspects of the overall project.
One of the popular ways to increase crop yield is the application of fertilizers, either organic or inorganic or at times, the combination of both called organo-mineral. However, the application of fertilizers has basic concept farmers must understand before starting the operation. Fertilizer is a separate entity and not a major factor for plant growth, though it’s a prerequisite. What makes it optional is the information that fertilizers are not needed in all cases, only in a condition when found deficient in the soil through the signs exhibited by the plants. Application of fertilizer can be good and at the same […]
Nigeria produces approximately 8million metric tonnes of maize per year. Maize is one of the most versatile emerging crops having wider conditions. Globally, maize is known as the queen of cereals because it has the highest genetic yield potential among the cereals. It is cultivated on nearly 150m ha in about 160 countries have a wider diversity of soil, climate, biodiversity and management practices that contributes 36% (782MT) in the global grain production.
Agriculture is a significant economic activity in economies around the world. It plays vital roles in economic development in Africa. In sub-Saharan African (SSA), agriculture provides employment for over 60% of the population [see]. It contributes between 30% and 35% toGross Domestic Product (GDP) in West Africa [see]. Compared to GDP in non-agricultural sector, agricultural GDP growth in SSA is two to four times more effective in raising income and reducing poverty [see]. However, the potentials of the sector to contribute to development are largely untapped and poverty is endemic especially in rural areas in Africa, Nigeria inclusive. Successive governments […]
Drought Survival Tips Drought can be as tough on the grower as it is on your trees. Because the weather is out of our control, we can end up feeling powerless. After crying in a beer or two with your neighbor — especially if you rely heavily on state and/or federal water that at press time just isn’t coming — it’s time to dust yourself and figure out what you can do. Here are some helpful prescriptions. You won’t be cured — only Mother Nature can do that — but you’ll feel a little bit better.
Weeds are crops that grow where they are not wanted. Their presence affects the growth and performance of target crops. They compete for resources and act as disease hosts. Weeds need to be controlled before and soon after, they start sprouting. Despite all the advancements in weed control, farmers still find it challenging to effectively control weeds. There are various methods to control weeds that will be discussed in detail in this article.
Now, the agricultural sector is on an economic rebound, attracting lots of entrepreneurs and government interest which is vital in terms of fundraising for mega projects. It gives grounds for assuming that the amount of the companies involved in agriculture would be reduced within the next few years, while the volume of assets of the remaining participants would be growing up.
Weeds compete with corn for light, nutrients, and water, especially during the first 3 to 5 weeks following emergence of the crop. It is important to control weeds in a cornfield before they are 6 to 8 inches high, which is when they begin to impact corn yields. Late-season weed infestations do not reduce corn yield nearly as much as early weed competition; however, weeds at this time can harbor destructive insect pests such as thrips, which can vector Fusarium ear rot, and armyworms, which can defoliate corn. Weeds also reduce silage feed quality, slow harvesters by causing wheel slippage […]
The challenges foreseen in agriculture as far as the need to double food supply is concerned are now putting agricultural sustainability at par with ensuring food security. There is a need for a resource efficient global food system that takes into consideration the aspect of sustainability. For example, if you are struggling to ensure efficiency in how you use water in your farm, ways of reducing soil erosion and ensuring minimum degradation, or even minimizing energy input, you are not alone. Every farmer all over the work hopes to achieve all these and other goals at the minimum possible cost. […]