At the beginning of the year 2000, the international community worked to perfect plans and start implementation of an 8-goal agenda. The agenda aim to address the array of development challenges facing the world and especially the poor. At the September 2000 Millennium Summit, 149 heads of states endorsed the Millennium Development Goals (M.D.Gs). Later, at the UN General Assembly, the heads of state of all 189 UN member states adopted the goals. The agenda is relevant for all countries, whether their targets are the Millennium Development Targets, other national and sub-national targets, or some combination of the two. Although […]
Insects are members of the largest class of the Arthropoda, the largest phylum of the kingdom animalia. They have segmented bodies, jointed legs, and external skeletons (exoskeletons). They are unique among other arthropods by their tri-partite body structure comprising the head, which bears the mouth parts, eyes, and a pair of antennae; the thorax, which usually has three pairs of legs in adults and one or two pairs of wings; and the many-segmented abdomen, which contains the digestive, excretory, and reproductive organs. In terms of habitat, they may either be terrestrial or aquatic. Insects have diversely high reproductive capacity (fecundity). They display varying behavioral and adaptive […]
Moringa (Moringa spp.) is one of the world’s most useful plants with one of the highest nutritional contents of any plant known in the world. It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree that is native to the southern foothills of the Himalayas in northwestern India. It is a fast-growing tree and is grown throughout the tropics. The most widely cultivated species is Moringa Oleifera, a multipurpose tree, and usually called the Miracle tree for good reason. Common names include Moringa, drumstick tree, from the appearance of the long, slender, triangular seed pods, horseradish tree, from the taste of the roots which resembles […]
One of the popular ways to increase crop yield is the application of fertilizers, either organic or inorganic or at times, the combination of both called organo-mineral. However, the application of fertilizers has basic concept farmers must understand before starting the operation. Fertilizer is a separate entity and not a major factor for plant growth, though it’s a prerequisite. What makes it optional is the information that fertilizers are not needed in all cases, only in a condition when found deficient in the soil through the signs exhibited by the plants. Application of fertilizer can be good and at the same […]
Nigeria produces approximately 8million metric tonnes of maize per year. Maize is one of the most versatile emerging crops having wider conditions. Globally, maize is known as the queen of cereals because it has the highest genetic yield potential among the cereals. It is cultivated on nearly 150m ha in about 160 countries have a wider diversity of soil, climate, biodiversity and management practices that contributes 36% (782MT) in the global grain production.
Agriculture is a significant economic activity in economies around the world. It plays vital roles in economic development in Africa. In sub-Saharan African (SSA), agriculture provides employment for over 60% of the population [see]. It contributes between 30% and 35% toGross Domestic Product (GDP) in West Africa [see]. Compared to GDP in non-agricultural sector, agricultural GDP growth in SSA is two to four times more effective in raising income and reducing poverty [see]. However, the potentials of the sector to contribute to development are largely untapped and poverty is endemic especially in rural areas in Africa, Nigeria inclusive. Successive governments […]
The demise of the banana has been in the news regularly since a 2003 article in The New Scientist suggested that the crop may be extinct within 10 years. However, recent data indicate that between 2000 and 2017, global production of bananas grew at a compound annual rate of 3.2%, reaching a record of 114 million tonnes in 2017, up from around 67 million tonnes in 2000. Not bad for a crop that was supposedly on its deathbed!
Agriculture plays a vital role in the Nigerian economy and a critical source of growth in many developing countries. It is also a means of livelihood for the rural populace and a source of investment opportunities for the private sector. However, Agriculture is exposed to adverse natural events, such as drought, flood, windstorm, pest, diseases, etc. The impact and economic costs of such disasters may increase further in the near future because of climatic factors occasioned by climate change. These events, in most cases, can lead to the impoverishment of farmers if not checked or controlled. Agricultural Insurance is a […]
The mobile telephony service is powered by Airtel using the 3-2-1 Service of Viamo. Farmers with Airtel sim cards who want to access the service and get good advice on cassava production can simply dial 3-2-1 and listen to all the information they need to make the most out of cassava production.
Better policies to improve the environmental performance of the agriculture sector A key challenge for the agriculture sector is to feed an increasing global population, while at the same time reducing the environmental impact and preserving natural resources for future generations. Agriculture can have significant impacts on the environment. While negative impacts are serious, and can include pollution and degradation of soil, water, and air, agriculture can also positively impact the environment, for instance by trapping greenhouse gases within crops and soils, or mitigating flood risks through the adoption of certain farming practices.
Although it depends heavily on the oil industry for its budgetary revenues, Nigeria is predominantly still an agricultural society. Approximately 70 percent of the population engages in agricultural production at a subsistence level. Agricultural holdings are generally small and scattered. Agriculture provided 41 percent of Nigeria’s total gross domestic product (GDP) in 1999. This percentage represented a normal decrease of 24.7 percent from its contribution of 65.7 percent to the GDP in 1957. The decrease will continue because, as economic development occurs, the relative size of the agricultural sector usually decreases.
Agricultural production, both in the crop and livestock aspects, entails carrying out certain activities that are relevant to the success of the farming business. Whereas in the crop sector, farmers engage in a set activities categorized as pre-planting, actual planting and post-planting operations , the livestock farmers prepares the ground for stocking of the breeds of animals they choose to keep, carryout the actual stocking and thereafter, ensure that the stocked animals are nurtured to maturity. In crop farming for instance, farmers target the right time for land preparation activities before the actual planting takes place. After planting, they carry […]
A farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to agricultural processes with the primary objective of producing food and other crops; it is the basic facility in food production. The name is used for specialized units such as arable farms, vegetable farms, fruit farms, dairy, pig and poultry farms, and land used for the production of natural fibers, and other commodities. It includes ranches, feedlots, orchards, plantations and estates, smallholdings and hobby farms, and includes the farmhouse and agricultural buildings as well as the land. In modern times the term has been extended so as to include such industrial operations as wind farms and fish farms, both of which can operate on land or sea.
Carrots are a popular root vegetable that’s easy to grow as long as it’s planted in loose, sandy soil. Carrot is important root crops cultivated throughout the world for its fleshy edible roots. Carrot farming is done in the spring, summer, and autumn in temperate climate countries and during winter in tropical and subtropical regions. Most varieties of carrots are resistant to pests and diseases, and they are also a good late-season crop that can tolerate frost. In fact, they prefer to be grown during the cooler ends of the growing season—spring and fall. Carrots’ root is rich in sugar, […]